Along with Maurice Ravel, he was one of the most prominent figures associated with Impressionist music, though he himself disliked the term when applied to his compositions. Around this same time, in 1905, Debussy's Suite bergamasque was published. MEMBER PRICE: $6.49. クロード・アシル・ドビュッシー ( Claude Achille Debussy フランス語: [klod aʃil dəbysi], 1862年 8月22日 - 1918年 3月25日 )は、 フランス の 作曲家 。. Debussy is often written about as being an ‘impressionist’ composer – like the visual artists of the … Once one of his mistresses, Gabrielle (“Gaby”) Dupont, threatened suicide. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Painter and sculptor Edgar Degas was a highly celebrated 19th-century French Impressionist whose work helped shape the fine art landscape for years to come. クロード・アシル・ドビュッシー. Along with Maurice Ravel, he was one of the most prominent figures associated withImpressionist music, though he himself disliked the term when applied to his compositions. Claude Debussy was a gifted pianist by age nine. Antonyms for Claude Debussy. Claude Debussy, in full Achille-Claude Debussy, (born August 22, 1862, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France—died March 25, 1918, Paris), French composer whose works were a seminal force in the music of the 20th century. On 25 March 1918, Achille-Claude Debussy (1862-1918) lost his battle with rectal cancer at his Paris home. Today, Debussy is remembered as a musical legend, whose uniquely structured compositions have served as a base for musicians over the past century, and will undoubtedly continue to inspire musical creation for decades to come. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. $11.00 + $2.99 shipping . For his daughter, nicknamed Chouchou, he wrote the piano suite Children’s Corner (1908). Debussy's seminal opera, Pelléas et Mélisande, was completed in 1895 and was a sensation when first performed in 1902, though it deeply divided listeners (audience members and critics either loved it or hated it). Claude-Achille Debussy (Composer), Charles Dutoit (Conductor), Orchestre symphonique de Montréal (Orchestra), Colette Alliot-Lugaz (Performer), Didier Henry (Performer), Gilles Cachemaille (Performer), Pierre Thau (Performer), Claudine Carlson (Performer), Françoise Golfier (Performer), Philip Ens (Performer) & 7 more. Debussy revised the famous composer Chopin's work for Durand. Picture Information. Along with Maurice Ravel, he was one of the most prominent figures working within the field of impressionist music, though he himself intensely disliked the term when applied to his compositions. Repelled by the gossip and scandal arising from this situation, he sought refuge for a time at Eastbourne, on the south coast of England. Debussy could not have a public funeral because Paris was being heavily bombed at the end of World War I. Debussy started receiving piano lessons at age 7. Debussy, Claude Achille. His single completed opera, Pelléas et Mélisande (first performed in 1902), demonstrates how the Wagnerian technique could be adapted to portray subjects like the dreamy nightmarish figures of this opera who were doomed to self-destruction. Debussy’s spontaneity and the sensitive nature of his perception facilitated his acute insight into the child mind, an insight noticeable particularly in Children’s Corner, a French counterpart to Mussorgsky’s song cycle The Nursery; in the Douze Préludes, 2 books (1910, 1913; “Twelve Preludes”), for piano; and in the ballet La Boîte à joujoux (first performed in 1919; The Box of Toys). All claude debussy paintings ship within 48 hours and include a 30-day money-back guarantee. Claude Monet was a famous French painter whose work gave a name to the art movement Impressionism, which was concerned with capturing light and natural forms. While his family had little money, Debussy … – Párizs, 1918. március 25.) Over the following 10 years, he was the leading figure in French music, writing such lasting works as La Mer (The Sea; 1905) and Ibéria (1908), both for orchestra, and Images (1905) and Children's Corner Suite (1908), both for solo piano. Choose your favorite claude debussy paintings from millions of available designs. Move over photo to zoom. While living in a poverty-stricken suburb of Paris, he unexpectedly came under the patronage of a Russian millionaire. The attention gained with Pelléas, paired with the success of Prélude in 1892, earned Debussy extensive recognition. While his family had little money, Debussy showed an early affinity for the piano, and he began taking lessons at the age of 7. He was madeChevalier of the Legion of Honour in his native France in 1903. Photo:Claude Achille Debussy,1862-1918,French composer,impressionist music. Orchestral music . Claude-Achille Debussy (French: [klod aʃil dəbysi]; 22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer. Debussy also used the brass in original colour transformations. Several other women, some of doubtful reputation, were also associated with him in his early years. The style of Pelléas was to be replaced by a bolder, more highly coloured manner. Claude-Achille Debussy (22 August 1862–25 March 1918) was a French composer. His first wife, Rosalie (“Lily”) Texier, a dressmaker, whom he married in 1899, did in fact shoot herself, though not fatally, and, as is sometimes the case with artists of passionate intensity, Debussy himself was haunted by thoughts of suicide. Élete. Have one to sell? Debussy and his librettist, Maurice Maeterlinck, declared that they were haunted in this work by the terrifying nightmare tale of Edgar Allan Poe, The Fall of the House of Usher. eMU DEAL SALE! (Composer) (Achille) Claude Debussy was a French composer. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In his seascape La Mer (1905) he was inspired by the ideas of the English painter J.M.W. What are synonyms for Claude Debussy? Debussy spent his remaining years writing as a critic, composing and performing his own works internationally. He is sometimes seen as the first Impressionist composer, although he vigorously rejected the term. Along with Maurice Ravel, he was one of the most prominent figures associated with Impressionist music, though he himself disliked the term when applied to his compositions. He had divorced Lily Texier in 1904 and subsequently married his daughter’s mother, Emma Bardac. © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. He developed a highly original system of harmony and musical structure that expressed in many respects the ideals to which the Impressionist and Symbolist painters and writers of his time aspired. Achille-Claude Debussy was born on August 22, 1862, in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France, the oldest of five children. Facebook. Updates? As a holder of the Grand Prix de Rome, Debussy was given a three-year stay at the Villa Medici in Rome, where, under what were supposed to be ideal conditions, he was to pursue his creative work. De l'aube à midi sur la mer » MIDI | 2. Embracing nontraditional scales and tonal structures, Claude Debussy is one of the most highly regarded composers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is seen as the founder of musical impressionism. Claude Achille Debussy. Most composers who were granted this state scholarship, however, found life in this magnificent Renaissance palace irksome and longed to return to simpler and more familiar surroundings. While living with his parents in a poverty-stricken suburb of Paris, he unexpectedly came under the patronage of a Russian millionairess, Nadezhda Filaretovna von Meck, who engaged him to play duets with her and her children. Maurice Ravel was a 19th and early 20th century French composer of classical music. His piano works, which he produced fairly steadily throughout his career, are a great way to trace his evolution and development of the musical concepts that would provide so much inspiration throughout the coming century. Melisande-Claude Achille Debussy. We strive for accuracy and fairness. He traveled with her to her palatial residences throughout Europe during the long summer vacations at the Conservatory. Biography, musicologyand essential works. There he heard a Javanese gamelan—a musical ensemble composed of a variety of bells, gongs, metallophones and xylophones, sometimes accompanied by vocals—and the subsequent years found Debussy incorporating the elements of the gamelan into his existing style to produce a wholly new kind of sound. There between 1874 and 1884 he gained many prizes for solfege, pianoforte playing, accompanying, counterpoint and fugue, and, in the last-named year, the coveted Grand Prix de Rome … The main musical influence in Debussy’s work was the work of Richard Wagner and the Russian composers Aleksandr Borodin and Modest Mussorgsky. Aged 55, Debussy was universally acknowledged as one of the most important musicians of his time. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Sonic Explorer and Visionary. He died of colon cancer on March 25, 1918, when he was just 55 years old, in Paris. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Claude-Debussy, Making Music Fun! https://www.biography.com/musician/claude-debussy. In his later years, it is the pursuit of illusion that marks Debussy’s instrumental writing, especially the strange, other-worldly Cello Sonata. 1354 Words 6 Pages. Biography . Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? After the turn of the century, Debussy established himself as the leading figure of French music. He developed a highly original system of harmony and musical structure that expressed, in many respects, the ideals to which the Impressionist and Symbolist painters and writers of his time aspired. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. By age 10 or 11, he had entered the Paris Conservatory, where his instructors and fellow students recognized his talent but often found his attempts at musical innovation strange. His major works include Clair de lune (“Moonlight,” in Suite bergamasque, 1890–1905), Prélude à l’après-midi d’un faune (1894; Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun), the opera Pelléas et Mélisande (1902), and La Mer (1905; “The Sea”). Considered Poland's greatest composer, Frédéric Chopin focused his efforts on piano composition and was a strong influence on composers who followed him. The title refers to a folk song that was the conventional accompaniment of scenes of the lovesick Pierrot in the French pantomime, and indeed the many Pierrot-like associations in Debussy’s later music, notably in the orchestral work Images (1912) and the Sonata for Cello and Piano (1915; originally titled Pierrot fâché avec la lune [“Pierrot Vexed by the Moon”]), show his connections with the circus spirit that also appeared in works by other composers, notably the ballet Petrushka (1911) by Igor Stravinsky and Pierrot Lunaire by Arnold Schoenberg. His harmonic innovations had a profound influence on subsequent generations of composers, and by creating new genres and revealing a range of timbre and color he … francia impresszionista zeneszerző. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Twitter. In 1905 Debussy’s illegitimate daughter, Claude-Emma, was born. 2 synonyms for Claude Achille Debussy: Claude Debussey, Debussy. ポータル クラシック音楽. During World War I, while Paris was being bombed by the German air force, he succumbed to colon cancer at the age of 55. Claude-Achille Debussy - Clair de Lune (Mondglanz, Mondschein, Moonlight), Suite Bergamasque, Claudio Arrau pianist. 1862年8月22日~1918年3月25日 印象派を代表する作家、ドイツ・ロマン主義の作風とは異なり、ルノアールやモネらフランス印象派の画家たちとの交流の中から、フランスの伝統的価値観に根づいた数多くの作品を残した。 Painter Eugène Delacroix was one of the leading artists of the French Romantic period of the 19th century. The short stories of writer Guy de Maupassant detail many aspects of French life in the 19th century. Debussy’s family was originally of modest peasant stock, settled in the Auxois district of Burgundy from at least the 17th century, and moving to the Paris region around 1800. Excerpt from the main theme of Claude Debussy's, Excerpt from “The Snow Is Dancing” from Claude Debussy's. Omissions? Claude Debussy was born into a poor family in France in 1862, but his obvious gift at the piano sent him to the Paris Conservatory at age 11. Austrian composer and conductor Gustav Mahler became popular in the late 19th century for his emotionally charged and subtly orchestrated symphonies. He was encouraged by Madame Mauté de Fleurville, who was associated with the Polish composer Frédéric Chopin, and in 1873 he entered the Paris Conservatory, where he studied the piano and composition, eventually winning in 1884 the Grand Prix de Rome with his cantata L’Enfant prodigue (The Prodigal Child). Claude Achille Debussy [1] (klôd äshēl´ dəbüsē´), 1862–1918, French composer, exponent of musical impressionism [2]. He was among the most influential composers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Along with Maurice Ravel , he was one of the most prominent figures associated with Impressionist music , though he himself intensely disliked the term when applied to his compositions. Achille-Claude Debussy was born on August 22, 1862, in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France, the oldest of five children. St. Germain-en-Laye 1862 - Paris 1918 . The music written during this period came to represent the composer's early masterpieces—Ariettes oubliées (1888), Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune (Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun; completed in 1892 and first performed in 1894) and the String Quartet (1893)—which were clearly delineated from the works of his coming mature period. Claude-Achille Debussy. Scarcely was this news given out when we learned on the twenty-seventh of last March of the composer's death-a death only too well foreseen, alas! With her and her children, Debussy traveled Europe and began accumulating musical and cultural experiences in Russia that he would soon turn toward his compositions, most notably gaining exposure to Russian composers who would greatly influence his work. La Mer: » MIDI | 1. Achille-Claude Debussy [1] (French: [aʃil klod dəbysi]; [2] 22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer. Turner and the French painter Claude Monet. Rate this album 4.0 (1) Rate this album Edit your rating Claude Debussy Add to Wish List Share. Claude-Achille Debussy (August 22, 1862-March 25, 1918) was a French composer. Debussy: Pelleas Et Melisande. (He had in fact published in one of the anarchist journals poems that he had written and that he later set to music in the song cycle Proses lyriques [1893].). [ 3 ] Debussy returned to Paris in 1887 and attended the Paris World Exposition two years later. Achille-Claude Debussy (composer 1862-1918) - Play streams in full or download MP3 from Classical Archives (classicalarchives.com), the largest and best organized classical music site on the web. Saint-Germain-en-Laye-ben született, apja porcelánkereskedő volt. This is a complete list of compositions by Claude Debussy initially categorized by genre, and sorted within each genre by "L²" [citation needed] number according to the 2001 revised catalogue by musicologist François Lesure, which is generally in chronological order of composition date. Without hesitation, this dynamic character made courageous strides that pushed the limitations of music to another level. "L¹" numbers are also given from Lesure's original 1977 catalogue. Wagner fulfilled the sensuous ambitions not only of composers but also of the Symbolist poets and the Impressionist painters. EXTRA 10% OFF See all eligible items. Composer: Claude Achille Debussy (1862 - 1918) [Also see this composer's texts set to music] Listing of art song and choral settings in the database [x] indicates a placeholder for a text that is not yet in the database Opens image gallery. Mouse over to Zoom-Click to enlarge. CLAUDE ACHILLE DEBUSSY (1862-), French composer, was born at St Germain-en-Laye on the 22nd of August 1862, and educated at the Paris Conservatoire under Marmontel, Lavignac, Massenet and Guiraud. Synonyms for Claude Debussy in Free Thesaurus. 2012 is the 150th anniversary of the birth of Claude-Achille Debussy (22 August 1862–25 March 1918), and, all being well, there will be plenty of performances of … Debussy showed a gift as a pianist by the age of nine. by those who knew that Debussy had been condemned many months before.1 The Academie des Beaux Arts has to reproach itself for action too long delayed. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Writer and broadcaster on music. Jeux de vagues 28% Off. Henri Cartier-Bresson was a French photographer whose humane, spontaneous photographs helped establish photojournalism as an art form. Claude Achille Debussy (1862 - 1918), the French composer. Born to a family of modest means and little cultural involvement, Debussy showed enough musical talent to be admitted … French composer Hector Berlioz followed the ideals of 19th century Romanticism in musical creations such as the Symphonie fantastique and La Damnation de Faust. In fact, in his music, the conventional orchestral construction, with its rigid woodwind, brass, and string departments, finds itself undermined or split up in the manner of the Impressionist painters. Debussy himself eventually fled from the Villa Medici after two years and returned to Blanche Vasnier in Paris. He developed a highly original system of harmony and musical structure that expressed in many respects the ideals to which the Impressionist and Symbolist … Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Debussy was and continues to be one of the most subtly influential composers throughout the 20th century and beyond. Original Publication: People Disc - HJ0239 (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images) Other early works by Debussy show his affinity with the English Pre-Raphaelite painters; the most notable of these works is La Damoiselle élue (1888), based on “The Blessed Damozel” (1850), a poem by the English poet and painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti. In the course of his career, however, which covered only 25 years, Debussy was constantly breaking new ground. The task of giving an overview of the life of Claude-Achille Debussy is not easy. In 1880, Nadezhda von Meck, who had previously supported Russian composer Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky, hired Debussy to teach piano to her children. Claude Achille Debussy (Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Franciaország, 1862. augusztus 22. In his work, as in his personal life, he was anxious to gather experience from every region that the imaginative mind could explore. There between 1874 and 1884 he gained many prizes for solfege, pianoforte playing, accompanying, counterpoint and fugue, and, in the last-named year, the coveted Grand Prix de Rome … In 1884, when he was just 22 years old, Debussy entered his cantata L'Enfant prodigue (The Prodigal Child) in the Prix de Rome, a competition for composers. EMU PRICE: 13.24 eMU. 1884年 - 1916年. The composer’s grandfather was a wine seller and later a joiner. CLAUDE ACHILLE DEBUSSY (1862-), French composer, was born at St Germain-en-Laye on the 22nd of August 1862, and educated at the Paris Conservatoire under Marmontel, Lavignac, Massenet and Guiraud. The suite is comprised of four parts—"Prélude," "Menuet," "Clair de lune" (now regarded as one of the composer's best-known pieces) and "Passepied.". Harriet Brower's Account For Claude Achille Debussy It is difficult to learn anything of the boyhood and youth of this rare French composer. - Biography of Claude Debussy, Classical Net - Biography of Achille-Claude Debussy, British Broadcasting Corporation - Biography of Claude Debussy, Claude Debussy - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Debussy was developing in this work ideas of an earlier period, those expressed in a youthful play he had written, Frères en art (Brothers in Art), where his challenging, indeed anarchical, ideas are discussed among musicians, painters, and poets. Author of. He studied for 11 years at the Paris Conservatory, receiving its Grand Prix de Rome [3] in 1884 for his cantata L'Enfant Prodigue. Claude-Achille Debussy (22 August 1862 25 March 1918) was a French composer. Image not available. Claude Debussy, in full Achille-Claude Debussy, (born August 22, 1862, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France—died March 25, 1918, Paris), French composer whose works were a seminal force in the music of the 20th century. Even his young manhood and later life were so guarded and secluded that few outside his intimate circle knew much of the man, except as mirrored in his music. His best known works are 'Bolero' and 'Daphnis et Chloé.'. French composer Claude Debussy’s works were a seminal force in the music of the 20th century. At age 22, he won the Prix de Rome, which financed two years of further musical study in the Italian capital. X. Claude Achille Debussy. He took home the top prize, which allowed him to study for three years in the Italian capital, though he returned to Paris after two years. Most popular tracks now ► Please enter a search term At this time Debussy lived a life of extreme indulgence. Explorations, he maintained, were the essence of music; they were his musical bread and wine. The Masters of the Roll – Claude Achille Debussy. E-mail. French composer Claude Debussy’s major works included Clair de lune (“Moonlight”; in Suite bergamasque, 1890–1905), Prélude à l’après-midi d’un faune (1894; Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun), the opera Pelléas et Mélisande (1902), and La Mer (1905; “The Sea”). This early style is well illustrated in one of Debussy’s best-known compositions, Clair de lune. In Paris during this time he fell in love with a singer, Blanche Vasnier, the beautiful young wife of an architect; she inspired many of his early works. He was almost overwhelmed by situations of great extremes, both material and emotional. It was in this spirit that Debussy wrote the symphonic poem Prélude à l’après-midi d’un faune (1894). This noble bass instrument takes on, in chameleon fashion, the character of a violin, a flute, and even a mandolin. It is clear that he was torn by influences from many directions; these stormy years, however, contributed to the sensitivity of his early style. Wagner’s conception of Gesamtkunstwerk (“total art work”) encouraged artists to refine upon their emotional responses and to exteriorize their hidden dream states, often in a shadowy, incomplete form; hence the more tenuous nature of the work of Wagner’s French disciples. He was encouraged by an associate of Polish composer Frédéric Chopin, and in 1873 he entered the Paris Conservatory, where he studied piano and composition. Wagner’s influence on Debussy was profound and lasting, but despite this, Debussy generally shied away from the ostentation of Wagner’s opera in his own works. Debussy’s youth was spent in circumstances of great turbulence. While in Rome, he studied the music of German composer Richard Wagner, specifically his opera Tristan und Isolde.